Myths and Misunderstandings
- You can swallow your tongue during a seizure.
It's physically impossible to swallow your tongue.
- You should force something into the mouth of someone having a seizure.
Absolutely not! That's a good way to chip teeth, puncture gums, or even break someone's jaw. The correct first aid is simple. Just gently roll the person on
one side and put something soft under his or her head to protect him or her from getting injured.
- You should restrain someone having a seizure.
Never use restraint! The seizure will run its course and you cannot stop it. You can protect the person from injury by following simple first-aid
- Epilepsy is contagious.
You simply can't catch epilepsy from another person.
- Only kids get epilepsy.
Anyone can develop epilepsy and in fact, epilepsy happens to people over age 65 almost as often as it does to children aged ten and under. Seizures in the
elderly are often the after effect of other health problems like stroke and heart disease.
- People with epilepsy are disabled and can't work.
People with the condition have the same range of abilities and intelligence as the rest of us. Some have severe seizures and cannot work; others are
successful and productive in challenging careers.
- People with epilepsy shouldn't be in jobs of responsibility and stress.
People with seizure disorders are found in all walks of life and at all levels in business, government, the arts and professions. We aren't always aware
of them because many people, even today, do not talk about having epilepsy for fear of what others might think.
- With today's medication, epilepsy is largely a solved problem.
Epilepsy is a chronic medical problem that for many people can be successfully treated. Unfortunately, treatment doesn't work for everyone and
there's a critical need for more research.
- Epilepsy is rare and there aren't many people who have it.
There are more than twice as many people with epilepsy in the US as the number of people with cerebral palsy (500,000), muscular dystrophy (250,000),
multiple sclerosis (350,000), and cystic fibrosis (30,000) combined. Epilepsy can occur as a single condition, or may accompany other conditions affecting the
brain, such as cerebral palsy, mental retardation, autism, Alzheimer's, and traumatic brain injury.
- You can't die from epilepsy.
Epilepsy is still a very serious condition and individuals do die from seizures. Experts estimate that prolonged seizures (status epilepticus) are the
cause of 22,000 to 42,000 deaths in the US each year. In a major study of status epilepticus, 42% of deaths occurred in individuals with a history of
- You can't tell what a person might do during a seizure.
Seizures commonly take a characteristic form and the individual will do much the same thing during each episode. His or her behavior may be inappropriate for
the time and place, but it is unlikely to cause harm to anyone.
- People with epilepsy are physically limited in what they can do.
In most cases, epilepsy isn't a barrier to physical achievement, although some individuals are more severely affected and may be limited in what they can do.